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CHOLERA: How to treat & prevent an Outbreak


As we all know there is CHOLERA outbreak in Magboro, a small town within the Ogun state. This post is not to put fear in our minds but  to sensitive us that CHOLERA is treatable and to also show us ways to treat it. What kills in CHOLERA is dehydration and you can stay alive after been infected if you are well hydrated. 

Below is a very good method of treating and preventing CHOLERA, read and share to your love ones 

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The Magboro Project, September 2021.


  What is Cholera?

• Cholera is a highly infectious and contagious disease that involves passage of large amounts of watery stool (diarrhoea) and vomitting.

• It is caused by the bacterial species, Vibrio cholerae.


  How Can someone get Cholera?

• It is gotten from food and water sources contaminated with the bacteria, especially seafood.

• Common foods include crabs, rice, vegetables, shellfish and generally uncooked/undercooked and unwashed food, and unsterile water.

• If someone has cholera, they spread it by contaminating food sources with their faeces.

• (Hence, it is important to wash hand thoroughly with soap after using the toilet).

   

  Signs and Symptoms - How to know someone has cholera

• Diarrhoea – passing watery stool (faeces, shit, igbe) more than 2 times a day. The stool for cholera has been said to look like ‘rice water’.

• Vomiting profusely.

• Abdominal pain and discomfort.

• Weakness and fatigue (due to excess loss of fluids from vomitting and diarrhoea).

• Thirst

• Muscle cramps


  Treatment

•The first line of treatment is REHYDRATION!!!

•The most common cause of death is dehydration (leading to shock) due to the amount of fluids lost while stooling and vomiting.

•Therefore, it is important to rehydrate while loosing fluids.


  How Do I Rehydrate?

1. Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) – get this at your local pharmacy.

• Dissolve 1 sachet in 1 Litre of water (2 bottle water containers), and drink as fast as you can.

• You may need about 6 sachets in 6 litres of water per day to adequately rehydrate yourself.


  How Do I Rehydrate?

2. SALT AND SUGAR SOLUTION (SSS)

•In 1 Litre of Water (2 bottle water containers), dissolve 1 spoon of salt and 6 cubes of sugar.

•This also helps in case you cannot get immediate access to ORS.


  Cholera Treatment (contd)

Antibiotics

• It is best to go to the hospital to get appropriate antibiotics for treatment.

• Antibiotics should be used after rehydration is done.

• Indicated antibiotics include: Tabs Doxycycline 100mg or Tabs Ciprofloxacin twice daily for 3 days.

 

  Go to a Hospital

• Severly affected patients may need intravenous antibiotics and rehydration.

•If too weak to take Oral Rehydration Therapy and Antibiotics, please go to a hospital or health centre immediately!!!


  Prevention

• WASH RAW FOOD/FRUITS WELL BEFORE EATING!

• COOK FOOD WELL BEFORE EATING

• DRINK STERILISED WATER

• WASH HANDS AFTER USING THE TOILET

• WASH HANDS BEFORE EATING

• KEEP YOUR ENVIRONMENT CLEAN (CLEAN OUT THE GUTTERS TOO)

• IF YOU NOTICE YOU/ANYONE AROUND YOU IS STOOLING EXCESSIVELY AND VOMITING, PRESENT TO THE NEAREST HOSPITAL/HEALTH CENTRE.

• CHOLERA VACCINES (if available).


          

 ...upgrading Nigeria’s Sectors in aliquots (Isaiah 50:4).


 SOURCE: THE MAGBORO PROJECT